Assistant Professor of Finance
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Avenida Vicuña Mackenna 4860
Corporate Finance, Household Finance, Financial intermediation
Selected Presentations: FRA (2016), FIRS (2016), ISB Summer Research Conference (2016)
I empirically analyze how banks reallocate capital across lending markets following funding shocks. I exploit a new source of quasi-experimental variation in bank funding from lottery winners. Exposure to jackpot shocks leads to a significant increase in both deposits and lending at the bank level. Funds are transmitted across markets, but allocations are five times greater in the state in which the shock occurs. Features of banking regulation (Section 109) negatively affect fund mobility and loan performance. These results suggest that state boundaries matter for capital mobility in part because of regulatory distortions.
Selected Presentations: ASSA-AREUEA (2017), WFA (2018)
Chapter 7 bankruptcy, the main debt relief program for U.S. households, provides more than $150 billion each year, yet its impact on consumers remains unclear. Using unique hand-collected data from individual bankruptcy petitions, I employ a regression discontinuity design to estimate Chapter 7’s effect on subsequent household real investment and financial performance. Chapter 7 protection increases the probability of a debtor (1) creating a new business, (2) becoming a first-time homeowner, and (3) avoiding home foreclosure. Although Chapter 7 protects people in a variety of ways, for example, by stopping creditor harassment, the above findings arise because of debt relief.
More Cash Flows, More Options? The Effect of Cash Windfalls on Small Firms (with Jacelly Cespedes and Xing Huang)
This paper studies the effect of shocks to firms’ internal resources on business success. We use a new source of variation in cash flows by exploiting the bonus that retailers earn when selling jackpot winning lottery tickets. Increases in firms’ internal resources reduce the probability of survival. The evidence is not consistent with deteriorating credit behavior or owner retirement. Small business owners receiving large cash windfalls are more likely to start new businesses in non-retail industries. This effect becomes stronger when owners reside in low-income ZIP codes or own no real estate assets. Findings highlight importance of considering business owners’ outside options when studying small firms.
Selected Presentations: SOLE (2017)
We assess the magnitude and mechanisms of workers’ productivity spillovers by estimating the peer effects among those working in the same occupation across firms using the setting of security analysts. The empirical design exploits one feature of social networks: the existence of partially overlapping peer groups. This refers to analysts who cover similar industries but not exactly the same group of industries, which generates peers of peers (excluded peers). This allows the identification of both peer characteristics and peer outcome effects. In addition, to deal with common group shocks, the exogenous characteristics of excluded peers are used as instruments. We find strong evidence of spillovers in terms of peer outcomes and characteristics. In particular, peer accuracy is positively related to analyst accuracy, while the number of industries followed by analysts' peers negatively impacts accuracy. In terms of the potential mechanisms that account for the spillover effects, we find that the effects are stronger when analysts see their peers performing well and that besides imitation, knowledge spillovers also help explain the results.
Selected Work in Progress
Debt Overhang and Career Choices